Other reference books abound e. Write down the call number of the book so that you can find it within your library. Books or journal articles that analyse, critique, or synthesise a range of sources are examples of secondary sources.
Data collected in interviews of persons whose reliability is not always clearly established should be carefully screened, especially if you present this material as expert opinion or as based on knowledge of your topic.
Examples of data collection methods are curriculum-based measurement e. As you are reading a book, journal article, or newspaper article, you should keep the following questions in mind, which will help you understand how useful the book will be to you. While it can be useful to refer to the foundational work in a field regardless of how long ago it occurred, the more up-to-date information you can find, the better.
Some common types of publications are listed here. Newspaper Indexes The most commonly used index to newspaper articles is the New York Times Index, organized alphabetically by subject.
Depending on discipline, some publications forms are more common and relevant than others.
SEDL staff facilitated Georgetown and Lancaster teachers in using this process to examine content standards, develop common assessments to gauge student learning, analyze results from these assessments and others to determine student success, and plan how to refine instruction to scaffold or enrich student understanding.
Look for a reference list or bibliography. The Internet can link you up with individuals who might have expertise on the topic you are researching.
A common metaphor used to describe academic writing is "entering the conversation", a conversation that began long before you got there and will continue long after you leave.
Most magazine and journal articles are referenced in either an index or an abstract. Deciding to plagiarize on an assignment is academically dishonest and strips you of the ability to learn the material in question. Schedule and nonscheduled are types of interview.
Microfiche or microfilm is a device which can be extremely frustrating. For college research papers, you will need to use sources available in academic libraries college or university libraries as opposed to public libraries. What are the qualifications of the author?
Data collected this way is called primary data. These forums are usually categorized by topic e. Just like in a conversation when you listen to the ideas of the others who are involved and formulate your own opinion on the topic, a writer may be reading a paper done by another writer in the discourse community and from this paper, the scholar may obtain inspiration to expand the claims expressed in the paper or address them from other angles.Academic writing is conducted in several sets of forms and genres, 67 in reference to Margaret Kantz's article "Helping students use textual sources persuasively": Raw data collection plan; Research plan (sometimes called.
Using Data to Guide Instruction and Improve Student Learning. by Dale Lewis, and what can be done to meet their academic needs.
With appropriate analysis and interpretation of data, educators can make informed decisions that positively affect student outcomes. so researchers stress the use of multiple data sources.
. Identifying academic sources. When researching a topic for a university assignment, ‘academic’ sources are preferred over other types of writing. Research paper sources must be academic and available to students. Here are is a list of appropriate Internet sites to find academic sources for your research paper.
24 Hour Customer Service: Academic Writing in English Different Kinds of Sources. When writing, students train their ability to decide whether a source is appropriate and how to use it.
The University Library is a valuable resource for students in need of help concerning the choice of sources. Writing an Academic Essay 1 Writing an Academic Essay The academic essay is one of It involves collection of data which does not exist yet.
See Chapter 3: Using appropriate words in an academic essay for advice on how to choose.Download